This is a kind of disorder dermatological, characterized by skin that is similar to the “goosebumps”, which makes the skin rough and with some stains.
Keratosis pilaris or ceratose follicular is a change common and frequent in the skin. This is with a look similar to the “goosebumps” or “chicken skin”, as when we raise the hair on, that is, small patches of rough and hard.
Keratosis pilaris is characterized by hyperkeratosis (excessive production of keratin, a protein fibrous) of the hair follicles, which blocks the opening of hair follicles, which causes the appearance of small bubbles on the skin. These lesions with aspect of acne (pimple) when they are not treated, they can ignite and leave dark spots on the skin and a rough skin, type sandpaper.
This is not a serious illness, or physically limiting, however, is a chronic disease that was benign, that has aesthetic implications.
KERATOSIS PILARIS: THE ETIOLOGY AND TRANSMISSION
This pathology is a genetic condition, benign, by being a disease autosomal dominant, people who have a tendency to it usually grow in.
However, other factors may increase your prevalence, such as:
- The Winter season tends to worsen this pathology, for making the epidermis more dry;
- More common in children and up to 30 years of age;
- People who use frequent tight clothing;
- Predisposition to dry skin or extremely dry;
- People with asthma or rhinitis;
- Some autoimmune diseases (for example, atopic dermatitis);
- Diet deficient in vitamin A.
This disease can only be transmitted genetically, or is, is not an infectious disease.
KERATOSIS PILARIS: SYMPTOMS
There is the emergence of small spots on the skin, which may be white or reddish, with rough skin and dry. Generally, there is pruritus (itching) associated with, or complaints álgicas (pain).
Can arise in any part of the body, although it is more common in the arms, thighs, face and buttocks.
KERATOSIS PILARIS: TREATMENT
This pathology does not yet have a treatment that could significantly improve your symptoms, however it is advisable to the realization of a treatment-based creams that help to moisturize the skin, disguising the appearance of the skin to the base of the balls.
Are often advised creams with the following composition:
- With urea or acetylsalicylic acid, which remove dead cells from the skin, promoting hydration deeper in the skin.
- Creams with vitamin A or acid retinóico, that favour essentially a deep hydration of the skin.
The correct use and regular medication recommended by the doctor can help improve the appearance of the skin. However, if the treatment is stopped, the condition can return to how it was before.
In order to overcome the possible deficiencies of Vitamin A, it is important to invest in the consumption of food source of vitamin A, such as, for example, cabbage, tomato and carrot.
In more advanced cases, the dermatologist may indicate the performance of cosmetic procedures, such as chemical peeling, microdermabrasion, or also the isotretinoina oral, for example.
The treatment options focus on reducing the deposits of keratin in the skin, however, as it is a genetic condition, none of them can promise to end definitively with the problem.
KERATOSIS PILARIS: IMPORTANT TIPS
If you suffer from this problem, you know that there are small actions day-to-day that can help in the worsening of the symptoms, such as:
- Avoid taking bath with very hot water, as well as avoid long showers;
- Avoid rubbing the site of accumulation of keratin, as it may cause irritation to the skin and aggravate the condition;
- To make scrubs frequent and moisturize whenever the skin very well after a bath, with suitable creams;
- Avoid rubbing towel on skin to dry, with touches of light;
- Avoid using clothing that is too tight, because the friction in excess aggravates the disease;
- Avoid prolonged exposure to the sun;
- Use of sunscreen daily.