The drugs indicated to treat allergic rhinitis should only be used after speaking with the doctor, who should be informed about symptoms, health history of the person and medicines you are taking, so that the treatment is effective.
The remedies that can be prescribed by a doctor are anti-histamines, nasal decongestants, corticoids and salt solutions, for example, which can be purchased at the pharmacy, upon presentation of the recite medical.
1. Salt solutions
The saline drops or spray are safe, can be used several times a day, and can be purchased without a prescription. These solutions assist the hygiene of the nose, helping to eliminate the irritants and the allergens. In addition, also contribute to the reduction of nasal secretion.
The Nasoclean and Maresis are examples of solutions that can be used for nasal lavage.
2. Oral antihistamines
Antihistamines compete for the H1 receptors are medications very commonly used in the treatment of allergic rhinitis, because they reduce the reaction exacerbated of the organism to a foreign body, reducing symptoms such as runny nose, tearing eyes, sneezing, itching and nasal congestion.
Some antihistamines that can be used to treat allergic rhinitis are the loratadine, which can cause sleep and desloratadine, ebastina or bilastina, for example, which are anti-histamines which usually do not cause drowsiness.
3. Antihistamines in spray
Antihistamines in spray, like azelastine, and the maleate dimetindeno, for example, can be used locally, 2 to 3 times a day, to reduce the runny nose, nasal congestion.
Decongestants oral and pseudoephedrine act causing vasoconstriction and a consequent decrease in blood volume and nasal mucosa, reducing the flow of fluid in the nose, throat and the sinuses, by decreasing the inflammation of the membranes in nasal passages and the mucus production.
Decongestants in spray or in drops, as the oximetazolina and phenylephrine are used locally in the nose, and also cause vasoconstriction, leading to an effect of the decongestant.
6. Corticoids in spray
The corticoids in the spray have a high efficacy in reducing the symptoms of allergic rhinitis and have the advantage of not causing the same side effects when compared to that of corticoids oral.
Some of the medicines that can be used in the treatment of allergic rhinitis are beclomethasone, budesonide, a propionate or furoato fluticasone or furoato de mometasone, for example.
Remedies for allergic rhinitis child
The remedies for allergic rhinitis child must be appropriate to the age and severity of symptoms. Generally, the anti-histamines prescribed by a doctor are in syrup and decongestants the most appropriate should be prescribed in drops so as not to damage the nasal mucosa.
Natural remedies for allergic rhinitis
The natural remedies for allergic rhinitis are economical, simple and can be very effective in fighting the symptoms. You should take the following instructions:
- Clean as much as possible the environment where the person spends the day and sleeps at night;
- Washing the nostrils with saline solution or saline solution several times a day;
- Do inhalations with propolis spray;
- Do steam bath with tea and eucalyptus salt every night before going to bed.
It is important to try to start treatment for allergic rhinitis for care with the hygiene of the place, cleaning the nostrils and to avoid contact with the allergens. If these attempts fail, you must search for a doctor to indicate the best treatment and avoid self-medication.