Sinusitis Bacterial: What It Is and the Main Symptoms

Sinusitis bacterial corresponds to inflammation of the sinuses caused by bacteria, causing symptoms such as excess nasal secretion and runny nose frequent. Usually this type of sinusitis is preceded by flu, colds or seizures allergies that make the nasal mucous membranes are more sensitive to the entry and proliferation of bacteria.

The treatment of this type of sinusitis, which is usually done with antibiotics, should be conducted in accordance with the medical recommendation to avoid complications. The symptoms of sinusitis and bacterial last more than 10 days and are similar to that of sinusitis is viral, allergic or fungal. 

The main symptoms

The symptoms of sinusitis and bacterial last more than 10 days, being the main:

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  • Headache;
  • Pain in the bones of the face;
  • Fever;
  • Runny nose, frequent;
  • Sneezing;
  • Dry cough;
  • Watery eyes and reddish;
  • Itchy eyes;
  • Difficulty breathing;
  • Nasal congestion;
  • Dizziness;
  • Pain tooth or upper jaw;
  • Tiredness;
  • Rhinitis;
  • Bad smell from the nose;
  • Bad breath;

Sinusitis bacterial happens by proliferation of bacteria in the sinuses, which leads to the production of secretions, and, consequently, inflammation of the fossa respiratory. The diagnosis can be made through imaging tests that identifies inflammation of the sinuses and microbiological examination, which is done with a sample of nasal secretion, which aims to identify the bacteria responsible for sinusitis.

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How is it treated

The treatment of sinusitis and bacterial is made with the use of antibiotics according to the organism identified in the microbiological examination. Antibiotics are used to decrease the inflammation, however, some bacteria show resistant to the drug, making treatment more difficult. Therefore, it is important to take the antibiotic according to the medical advice, even if the symptoms diminish, because if the treatment is stopped, runs the risk of sinusitis and reappear, and the bacterium causing inflammation becoming resistant to the antibiotic used.

The use of nasal decongestants, and saline may be useful for the washing of the nostrils. In addition, can be performed inhalations of water vapor, since it is able to relieve congestion and decrease the secretions formed in the nasal mucosa.

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