The allergy in the hands is a contact dermatitis, also called eczema, which occurs when there is contact of an agent aggressor with your hands. The symptoms include redness and itching in the hands, and may arise immediately or up to 12 hours of contact with the substance).
The agents most common offenders are detergents and cleaning products but other situations that can also cause allergy are to make a tattoo with henna, wear jewelry, such as rings and bracelets, or plunge your hands in buckets of paint or solvent, for example.
Allergy symptoms in the hands
Allergy symptoms on the hands are itching, redness, swelling and peeling of the skin of the palm and between the fingers. This allergy can be located in a part of the hands, in just one hand, or to be equal in the two hands at the same time. In less severe cases the hands may get just a little dry and with a light peeling, but in more severe cases, these symptoms are more intense.
The allergy on hands can be confused with psoriasis, which is manifested with desquamation of the hand and dry, but sometimes, it can also be confused with disidrose, which causes bubbles and intense itching in the hands, and therefore it is important to consult the doctor whenever allergy symptoms in the hands are present.
The doctor further indicated to assess this change is the dermatologist that you can reach a diagnosis of dermatitis or eczema only to observe the appearance of the hands.
Treatment for allergy on hands
The treatment for allergy on hands, should be indicated by the doctor, but in general, it is advisable to:
- Always use rubber gloves whenever you wash dishes, clothes, or use other cleaning products to avoid the direct contact of the skin with this type of products;
- Avoid washing hands too often, even if you wash only with water, but if it is extremely necessary, always apply a layer of moisturizing cream on the hands soon after;
- In less severe cases, when there are still no inflammation, and always use moisturizing creams with urea and oils-soothingwhich diminish the local irritation, in the days in which the skin is more irritated and sensitive;
- In the most serious cases, where there are signs of inflammation, it may be necessary to pass some ointment for allergy on hands cream or anti-inflammation with corticosteroids, such as betamethasone, which should be prescribed by dermatologist;
- When there are signs of infection in the hands, the doctor may prescribe medicines such as prednisone for 2 to 4 weeks;
- In cases of allergy chronic, which will not improve with treatment for 4 weeks, other remedies can be indicated as azathioprine, methotrexate, cyclosporine, or alitretinoína.
Some complications that may occur when the allergy in the hand is not properly treated are bacterial infection by staphylococci or streptococci, which can form pustules, crusting and pain. When there is dermatitis on the tips of the fingers the nails may be affected, becoming deformed, and in addition, the allergy may spread, affecting the forearms and even the feet.
Which can cause allergy on the hands
Usually the allergies on the hands is not caused by just one factor, but a combination of several factors such as, the pre-genetic disposition, contact with cleaning products potentially irritating as soap, detergent, chlorine bleach, ink, soluble, frequent exposure to cold or heat, and the friction often of the skin.
In this case, the products remove the natural protection of the skin, leading to dehydration of the skin and eliminate the layer of lipid, and all this leaves the skin of the hands dry and unprotected, facilitating the proliferation of micro-organisms, and therefore there may be signs of worsening.
People that have higher chances of developing contact dermatitis on the hands are working as painters, hairdressers, butchers, health professionals have that washing your hands too often, cleaners and general services by the frequent contact with cleaning products. However, anyone can have a table of allergies in the hands of lifelong learning.