Allergic conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the eye that arises when one is exposed to a substance alergênica, such as pollen, dust or animal dander, for example, causing symptoms such as redness, itching, swelling and excessive production of tears.
Although it can happen at any time of the year, the allergic conjunctivitis is more common during the spring, due to the greater amount of pollen in the air. The dry weather of the summer also increases the amount of dust and mites in the air, which not only can develop allergic conjunctivitis as well as other allergic reactions such as rhinitis.
In most cases it is not necessary to any particular type of treatment, with only recommended to be in contact with alergênio. However, there are eye drops, such as Decadron, which can relieve the symptoms and reduce the discomfort.
The main symptoms
The most common symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis include:
- Itching and pain in the eyes;
- Increased secretion of the eyes/watering of the eyes constant;
- Feeling of sand in eyes;
- Hypersensitivity to light;
- Redness of the eyes.
These symptoms are similar to any other conjunctivitis, and that the only way to know that are being caused by an allergy is to evaluate if arise after being in contact with a specific substance, or by making a test of allergies.
Allergic conjunctivitis is not contagious and therefore does not pass from one individual to the other.
How is it treated
The main way to relieve the symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis is by avoiding the substances that are causing the allergy. Thus, it is important to keep the house dust-free, avoid opening the windows of your home during the spring and not use products with chemicals with chemicals such as perfumes or makeup, for example.
In addition, putting cold compresses over the eyes for 15 minutes or use eye drops moisturizing, as Lacril, Systane or Lacrima Plus, can also provide relief of symptoms during the day.
Already in the case of the pinkeye does not improve or in case you have very often, you can consult an eye care professional to start the treatment with eye drops antiallergic, such as Zaditen or Decadron.
That can cause conjunctivitis
The allergic reaction that cause allergic conjunctivitis can be caused by:
- Makeup or hygiene products of poor quality or out of date;
- Chlorine from the swimming pool;
- Air pollution;
- Hair of domestic animals;
- Contact lens or glasses of another person.
In this way, the people most affected with this type of conjunctivitis are the who already have knowledge of other allergies, which is more common in children and young adults.